About District


Kancheepuram district is situated on the northern East Coast of Tamil Nadu and is adjacent by Bay of Bengal and Chennai city and is bounded in the west by Vellore and Thiruvannamalai district, in the north by Thiruvallur district and Chennai district, in the south by Villuppuram district in the east by Bay of Bangal. It lies between 11° 00′ to 12° 00’ North latitudes and 77° 28′ to 78° 50′ East longitudes. The district has a total geographical area of 1704.79 Sq.Kms and coastline of 87.2 Kms. Kancheepuram, the temple town is the district headquarters. For administrative reasons, the district has been divided into 2 revenue divisions comprising of 5 taluks with 520 revenue villages. For development reasons, it is divided into 5 development blocks with 274 Village Panchayats.

Population Details

According to 2011 census, the District had population of 11.18 lakh, which is about 1.54% of the total State population. The total population of the District was 11,18,219 in which 5,62,309 were Male and 5,95,910 were Female. In rural 5,66,361 and in Urban it was 5,51,858.

Area Distribution
Area unit in Sq.Kms
Total Area 1704.79 Sq.Kms.
Net Sown Area 367.67 Sq.Kms
Net Irrigation Area 359.20 Sq.Kms.
Forest Area 36.85 Sq.Kms
Poromboke Area 47.00 Sq.Kms
Town Area 82.57 Sq.Kms.
Scheduled Caste and Scheduled Tribes Population
Category Rural Urban Total
Scheduled Caste 2,04,669 85,792 2,90,461
Scheduled Tribe 9,309 2,794 12,103


The total main workers of the District was 3,90,785 persons forming 41.9% of total population in the District. Of this, 2,85,207 were male workers and 1,05,578 were Female workers and 2,00,585 were from rural and 1,90,200 were from Urban and 29,981 were of cultivators and 65,988 of Agricultural labourers and 22,965 of Household industry and rest in other activities ie 2,71,851.

Growth Rate
Sl.No Details
Decadal Population Growth (2001-2011) 38.95 %
Population Density (Persons/Sq.Km) 653
Percentage of Workers against Total Population 43.04%
Birth and Death Rate
Type Rural Urban Combined
Birth Rate(Per 1000 Population) 20.6 16.6 19.6
Death Rate(Per 1000 Population) 6.0 4.3 5.6
Infant Mortality Rate (Per 1000 Live Births) 30.0 19.0 27.0
Area Total Male Female
Rural 66.99 % 74.21 % 59.66 %
Urban 76.84 % 81.36 % 72.28 %
Total 71.85 % 77.73 % 65.90 %
Area Total Male Female
Rural 13,79,397 2,11,706 1,67,691
Urban 4,24,027 2,25,377 1,98,650
Total 8,03,424 4,37,083 3,66,341
Season Maximum Minimum
Summer 36.6° C 21.1° C
Winter 28.7° C 19.8° C


The pre-monsoon rainfall is almost uniform throughout the district. The coastal taluks get more rains rather than the interior regions. This district is mainly depending on the seasonal rains, the distress conditions prevail in the event of the failure of rains. Northeast and Southwest monsoon are the major donors with 54% and 36% contribution each to the total annual rainfall.

Rain Fall
Season unit in mm
Normal 1227.7 mm
Actual 1165.8 mm


Agriculture is the main occupation of the people with 20% of the population engaged in it.Paddy is the major crop cultivated in this district. Groundnuts, Sugarcane, Cereals and Millets and Pulses are the other major crops.

Type of Soil Places in District
Read Loam Kancheepuram, Uthiramerur Blocks
Lateritic Soil Pleatus in the district
Sandy Coastal Alluviam Some Places Thirukazhukundram,Thiruporur, St.ThomasMount.
Red Sandy Soil Kancheepuram, Urban Blocks
Classification Area in(Hectares)
Total Cropped Area 48145.146
Nett Area Sown 36766.963
Area sown more than once 11378.183
Area Under Principal Crops
Crop Types Location
Rice 38491.799
Millets and Cereals 44.095
Pulses 1288.875
Sugarcane 672.355
Groundnut 2321.985
Gingelly 558.428
Cotton(BL) 0


The total forest area in the district is 23,586 hectares, it spread interior regions and around the district. In this forest area there are 366.675 hectares for Reserved Land. 76.50 Metric Tonnes lands are cultivated in Fuelwood and 8.039 Tonnes in Cashew.


The Palar river is one of the most important river running through the district. Tanks and wells are the main sources of irrigation in this district.


There are only a few hills of considerable elevation in the district. The southern part of Maduranthakam taluk contains small hills.