Date : 19/08/2021 -

Jal Jeevan Mission, is envisioned to provide safe and adequate drinking water through individual household tap connections by 2024 to all households in rural India. The programme will also implement source sustainability measures as mandatory elements, such as recharge and reuse through grey water management, water conservation, rain water harvesting.

The goal of JJM is to provide functional household tap connection to every household with service level at the rate of 55 litres per capita per day(lpcd).

  • Kancheepuram District comprises of 5 Blocks with 274 village panchayats and 1,354 habitations,With an aim to achieve100% saturation of District within a year 2020-21, Kanchipuram district have proposed to cover all households with 55 lpcd of potable water.
  • Out of 2,17,925 households, 58912, households have been already provided with FHTCs as on March’2020, and subsequently the unauthorised connections have been regularised following the normsand private connection have also been provided, remaining FHTCs are to be provided under JJM.
  • 072 MLD Potable water is required for 2,17,815 households covering 274 Village Panchayats and 5 blocks.
  • Retrofitting of existing schemes and extending the distribution lines so as to give provision of household connection.
  • In Retrofitting of existing schemes, the existing storage structure OHT are in dilapidated condition and hence requires new storage structures.
  • In some cases, a new OHT have to be provided in some area, for provision of distribution line based on the site conditions.
  • The sources available  as of now caters to the present population, which have to be enhanced to the ultimate population.  Moreover the yield of  the source are less / insufficient and hence new sources have been proposed to provide 55 lpcd to the households.
2.Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme (MGNREGS)

a. Introduction

In Tamil Nadu, Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme was first notified on 2.2.2005 in 6 districts and extended to all the remaining 25 rural districts.  It guarantees 100 days of wage employment in a financial year to any rural household whose adult members volunteer to do unskilled manual work Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act is an important step towards the realization of the “Right to work The Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme (MGNREGs) framed under the Act is the only poverty alleviation programme which has a legal backing.

b.Primary objectives of the Scheme

The core objective of this scheme as per the MGNREG Act, are; Providing not less than one hundred days of unskilled manual work as a guaranteed employment in a financial year to every household in rural areas as demand resulting in creation of production assets of prescribed quality and durability. strengthening the livelihood resource base of the poor;

c.Eligibility norms for beneficiaries

Adult members of rural households willing to do unskilled manual work may register orally or in writing with the Village Panchayat

Every rural Household is entitled for a job card so that they can apply and receive work on demand

Eligible for 100 days of guaranteed wage employment in every financial year

d.Special Features : –

Equal wages for men and women.

Free medical treatment in case of injury during work.

Compensation of Rs.25,000/- in case death or permanent disability caused during the course of work.

Transparency in the selection and execution of works.

e.Funding Pattern

The central Government bears 100% wage cost of unskilled manual labour Material cost including wages of skilled and semi-skilled workers is borne by central Government and by State Government in the ratio of 75:25 The wage and material ratio shall be maintained as 60 : 40 for the works taken up under MGN REGS

f. Implementing Officers:

District Collector – District Project Coordinator

Project Director, DRDA – District Project Joint – Coordinator

BDO (V.P) – Block Programme Officer.

Village Panchayat President – Implementing Authority

g.Shelf of Projects :

The following works are given priority under the scheme:

(i) National Resource Management  Works (NRM) :

  • Formation of new ponds, kuttai, ooranies etc
  • Renovation of existing tanks, ponds & ooranies
  • Deepening of supply and irrigation Channels.
  • Deepening of irrigation ponds and tanks and strengthening of bunds.
  • Formation of earthern roads.
  • Flood protection, water and soil conservation works
  • Land development activities in SC/ ST, Small & Marginal farmers Lands.
  • Farm Ponds works
  • Tree Saplings and Fruit Saplings in convergence with Agriculture department, Horticulture Department.
  • Afforestation Activities in all village panchayats.
  • Convergence with Sericulture Department – Mulberry cultivation, Green Mass Tree plantation and Mulberry sampling production.
  • Convergence with Highways Department – plantation in roads.
  • Convergence with Agri Engineering Department – Compartmental Bunding.
  • Construction of Individual Soak Pits.
  • Construction of Community Soak Pits, Horizontal and Vertical Soak Pits.

(ii) Non NRM Works :-

  • Construction of Food Grain Godown , Anganwadi and Panchayat office Buildings, Milk Society Co-operative Building, Kitchen Shed , Village Haat, Burial Grounds, Threshing Floor and School Toilets.
  • Construction of Goat, Cattle & Poultry shelter.
  • Construction of Village Panchayat  Service Centre and Block Service Centre.
  • Construction of Individual Dug Well and Community Dug Well.
  • Construction of School Compound Wall.
  • Construction of Culverts 1.5 M & 3 M, Minor Bridges and Causeways.
  • Cement Concrete Drainage, Cement Concrete Roads and WBM Roads.
  • Construction of Pavements among the rural streets especially in Sc/ST Habitation.

There are various number of works such as CC road, Paver block, Soak pit being implemented in SC/ST Habitation and other areas.

In order to improve the livelihood of Rural Peoples as well as  to improve the  ground water level  Labour oriented works like cutting of Continuous contour trenches, staggered trenches, water absorption trenches, farm pond, sunken ponds, percolation ponds, earthen bunding. Stone bunding, land development activities ect has been  be provided to workers immediately which are fully labour oriented in nature so that the workers can improve the outcome and get the full wages.

h. Targets

Government of Tamil nadu has approved Labour Budget of  61.58 Lakhs person days during 2021-22 for Kanchipuram district. The notified wage rate for the year 2021-22 is     Rs 273/- per day.


SECURE (Software for Estimate Calculation Using Rural rates for Employment) – is a web based application developed by NIC Kerala with the help of State MGNREGS mission, Government of Kerala for creating estimates for MGNREGA works in Kerala. SECURE has been implemented in Kerala and is operational since November 2016.

SECURE is a workflow based system. In SECURE, the work name & work codes are received from Mahatma Gandhi NREGA MIS to the concerned Block/GP AE/Overseer login after the approval of Labour budget. The AE/Overseer of the Block/GP creates the detailed estimate, includes drawings, location map and photograph of the works site before starting the work. As per the Government procedure adopted by the state, the above estimates are accorded AS/TS sanctions and subsequently AS/TS slips are generated from the system. The Administrative Sanctioned should be accorded by District Co-ordinator/collector.

j.GIS implementation of MGNREGA (GeoMGNREGA) :-

Government of India enacted MGNREGA to enhance the livelihood security of rural people. Under this, assets are created across the country related to water harvesting, drought relief, flood control activities, sanitation. Satellite derived Location based services are being utilized for planning and monitoring of nearly 2 million assets annually through the use of mobile-based geo-tagging.

Geo tagging of the Assets shall be done for all 3 stages namely Before, During and after completion of the work.

         District :KANCHIPURAM
1 Total No. of Blocks 5
2 Total No. of GPs 274
3 Total No. of Habitation 1354
4 Total No. of  Cluster 425
I Job Card
1 Total No. of JobCards issued[In Lakhs] 1.4 (in.Lakh)
2 Total No. of Workers[In Lakhs] 1.92(in.Lakh)
3 Total No. of Active Job Cards[In Lakhs] 1.2(in Lakh)
4 Total No. of Active Workers[In Lakhs] 1.44 (in Lakh)
5 (i)SC worker against active workers[%] 40.55(%)
6 (ii)ST worker against active workers[%] 1.53(%)
7 No.of. Disabled Person 1692


3.Pradhan Mantri Awaas Yojana(Gramin)
  • Government has committed to provide “Housing for All” by 2022. To fulfill the Government’s commitment and to address rural housing gaps.  Indira Awaas Yojana (IAY)  has been restructured into Pradhan Mantri Awaas Yojana (Gramin) (PMAY(G)) w.e.f. 1st April 2016.


  • The scheme aims to provide Pucca Houses with basic amenities to all poor houseless and households living in huts and dilapidated houses in rural areas by 2022.
  • To achieve the objective of “Housing for All” the target number of houses to be constructed by the year 2021-22, is 2.95 Crore.


  • Identification and selection of beneficiaries, based on the housing deficiency and other social deprivation parameters in SECC 2011 data, and verified by the Grama Sabha.
  • 60% of total target under PMAY(G) is earmarked to SC/ST, 40% for others (including minorities). In both the categories 5% of allocation is made for physically challenged persons (Divyangjan).


  • The Government of India has fixed unit cost as Rs.1.20 lakh per house.
  • The funding for the scheme is shared between Central and State Government in the ratio of 60:40 (Central share Rs.72,000/- and State share Rs.48,000).
  • The Government of Tamil Nadu provides Rs.50,000/- for RCC roofing cost from the State fund, As per G.O.(Ms)No.218, Rural Development and Panchayat Raj (CGS-1) Dept. Dt.22.12.2020 additional RCC roofing cost Rs.70,000/-  also provide from Stat Fund, so total RCC roofing Cost Rs.1,20,000/- which is in addition to the unit cost. Hence, the total unit cost of a house in Tamil Nadu is Rs.2.40 lakh.
  • In addition to the Unit Cost, each beneficiary is paid the notified wage rate in force under MGNREGS towards utilization of 90 person days for the construction of house. (90 x Rs.273 = Rs.24,570/-)
  • Further a sum of Rs.12,000/- is provided to the beneficiary for construction of Individual House Hold Latrine (IHHL) in convergence with SBM(G), MGNREGS or any other dedicated source of funding.
Central share Rs. 72,000
State share Rs. 48,000
State RCC cost Rs. 1,20,000
MGNREGS (Mandays) Rs. 24,570
Toilet Rs. 12,000
Total Rs. 2,76,570


4.Members Of Parliament Local Area Development Scheme (MPLADS)
  • The MPLADS is a Plan Scheme fully funded by Government of India. The annual MPLADS fund entitlement per MP constituency is Rs. 5 crore.
  • Lok Sabha Members can recommend works within their Constituencies and Elected Members of Rajya Sabha can recommend works within the State.
5.Pradhan Mantri Adarsh Gram Yojana Scheme (PMAGY)
  • Integrated development of villages in which the population of Scheduled Castes is above 50%.
  • Minimum needs of all the sections of the society are fully met and disparities are reduced to minimum.
  • Drinking Water and Sanitation, Education, Health and Nutrition, Social Security, Rural Roads and Housing, Electricity and Clean Fuel, Agricultural Practices, Financial Inclusion, Digitization, Livelihood and Skill Development.
6.Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojana (PMGSY)

The Government of India introduced the Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojana (PMGSY) with the objective of providing all-weather road connectivity to unconnected habitations with a population of more than 500. Upgradation of existing roads was also permitted under the scheme. The scheme was introduced with 100% funding by the Government of India. However, from 2015-16, PMGSY is being implemented on a fund sharing basis with 60% (Central share) and 40% (State share).

Upgradation of road works were up under RD department under PMGSY Phase I to III, Phase V , Phase – VI , VII and all works were completed. In PMGSY phase IV the upgradation works were carried out by highways department

Sl.No. Phase No. / Year No.of works Length (in km)
1 Phase-I / 2000-01 9 20.09
2 Phase-II / 2001-02 8 12
3 Phase-III / 2002-03 2 4.5
4 Phase-IV / 2003-04 8 12.59
5 Phase-V / 2004-05 14 33.016
6 Phase-VI / 2006-07 16 32.087
7 Phase-VII / 2007-08 25 41.667
8 Phase-VIII / 2012-13 16 38.028
9 Phase-IX / 2014-15 40 98.441
10 Phase-X / 2016-17 0 0
11 PMGSY – II / 2017-18 13 45.88
12 PMGSY – I Phase – XI / 2018-19 4 4.37
  Total 155 342.669

PMGSY PHASE – II 2017-18

As per G.O (MS) No. 105, rural developement and panchayt raj (CGS2) dt. 21.09.2017 under PMGSY II, approval has been accorded for the  upgradation /Strengtening of  13  road works having the length of 45.88 km  and 5 no. of Bridge works. In this 13  nos. of road works and 5 nos. of bridge work has been completed

PMGSY I PHASE – XI 2018-19

As per G.O.(MS) No.159, Rural Development and Panchayat Raj (CGS2) dt.26.10.2018, approval has been accorded to upgrade/ strengthen 4 rural roads having 4.37km length under PMGSY – I Phase XI . All the works has been completed

PMGSY III 2019-20

All facilities, Habitations which connects the rural roads were geo tagged by GIS application and weightage were calculated based on the importance of the road. 780 candidate roads were selected based on the weightage of the road and Core Network Upgradation Priority List (CUPL) were generated for identifying the eligible and ineligible  roads for proposal. 16 rural roads has been selected for the proposal with the length of 49.556 km out of 780 candidate road

For all PMGSY roads Routine maintenance work will be carried out for 5 years and Periodical maintenance will be carried out for the roads under design life of 10 years period

7.Swachh Bharath Mission (SBM-G)

To accelerate the efforts to achieve universal sanitation coverage and to put the focus on sanitation, the Prime Minister of India had launched the Swachh Bharat Mission on 2nd October 2014. Under the mission, all villages, Gram Panchayats, Districts, States and Union Territories in India declared themselves “open-defecation free” (ODF) by 2 October 2019, the 150th birth anniversary of Mahatma Gandhi, by constructing over 100 million toilets in rural India. To ensure that the open defecation free behaviours are sustained, no one is left behind, and that solid and liquid waste management facilities are accessible, the Mission is moving towards the next Phase II of SBMG i.e ODF-Plus. ODF Plus activities under Phase II of Swachh Bharat Mission (Grameen) will reinforce ODF behaviours and focus on providing interventions for the safe management of solid and liquid waste in villages.

Construction of IHHLs

Ensuring that no one is left behind : the mission will strive towards providing access to all new households that comes up during the project period with safe sanitation facilities, and to any eligible households which may have been left out in the previous phase Such households will be identified by the Gram panchayat/Block/District as part of the ODF Plus verification exercise.

Construction of CSC

ODF Plus Villages with more than 100 households must endeavor to have at least one CSC which may cater to the sanitation needs of floating/migrant population. The Gram Panchayat will decide upon a suitable location for construction of CSC that is easily accessible to all, having adequate water availability and where long term O &M is ensured, For the construction of CSC, priority shall be given to the location with predominant SC/ST habitations, poorest of poor in the village and or/those visited by migrant labourers/ floating Population etc.






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