DISTRICT RURAL DEVELOPMENT AGENCY (DRDA)-STATE SCHEMES
The Chief Minister’s Solar Powered Green House Scheme (CMSPGHS) was launched during the year 2011-12. The flagship scheme has been restructured into Chief Minister Green House Scheme as per G.O(Ms).No.133, Rural Development and Panchayat Raj (SGS-1) Department Dt.03.08.2020.
Aim of the Scheme
- The aim of Chief Minister’s Green House Scheme is to fulfill the housing needs of houseless poor people living in rural areas.
Sharing pattern :
- Fully funded by State Government
Unit Cost :
- Unit cost per house is Rs.2.10 lakh (Rs.1.80 lakh for house construction and Rs.0.30 Lakh for Solar Powered Home Lighting System) fully funded by State Government.
- As per G.O(Ms).No.133, Rural Development and Panchayat Raj (SGS-1) Department Dt.03.08.2020 for the year 2020-21 the amount Rs.30,000/- per house intended for installation of solar lights will be merged with the civil construction cost of the house and the overall cost of construction per house will now be Rs.2.10 lakh. Further, for the tribal beneficiaries, a sum of Rs.90,000/- will be provide in addition to the Rs.2,10,000/- and thus unit cost of each house for tribal beneficiary will be Rs.3.00 lakh.
|SC & OTHER houses||Rs.||2,10,000/-|
Special Features :
- Each house shall be built with an area of 300 square feet.
- Each house shall consist of a living room, bed room, kitchen, verandah and toilet apart from the provision for harvesting rain water.
- The construction of house shall be undertaken by beneficiaries themselves.
- The payment of bills for the construction work done by the beneficiaries should be credited into the beneficiaries bank account directly in the following four stages :
iii. Roof laid stage
- In addition to the unit cost of Rs.2.10 lakhs (SC & OTHERS) and Rs.3.00 lakhs(ST) as a convergence measure, each beneficiary shall be paid the notified wage rate in force under MGNREGS towards the utilization of 90 Person days for the construction of the house(90 x Rs.273 = Rs.24,570/-).
- Further, a sum of Rs.12,000 shall be provided to the beneficiary for construction of Individual House Hold Latrine (IHHL) in convergence with MGNREGS
Eligibility of Beneficiaries :
The beneficiary should:
- Be a poor and resident of the Village Panchayat concerned.
- Own a site of not less than 300 sq.ft. area.
- Have a clear patta for the site/house in the name of the head of the family or any other member of the household.
- Should not own any other pucca concrete house in the village panchayat or elsewhere.
- Should not have been benefitted under any other housing scheme of the Government.
Category wise Allocation :
Out of the total allocation the houses are allotted as under
- OC- 70%
- SC – 29%
- ST – 1%
4% of District-wise allocation should be reserved exclusively for differently abled persons (Divyangjan) across all categories
- Providing basic infrastructure facilities to Panchayat Union Primary and Middle Schools in rural areas, from 2011-12 to 2016-17 with an annual allocation of Rs.100 Crore.
- This scheme was again re-introduced as Revamped Comprehensive School Infrastructure Development Scheme (RCSIDS) from 2019-20 .
- Under this scheme basic infrastructure facilities like new Class Rooms, Kitchen Sheds, Water Supply, Toilets, etc., are taken up in the Panchayat Union Primary and Middle Schools in rural areas. Repairs and renovation of the existing facilities are also being taken up under this scheme, wherever necessary.
- From 2019-20 onwards the fund allocation under the scheme had been increased from Rs.2.50 Crore to Rs.3.00 Crore per constituency per annum.
- Government ordered to reduce the per MLA allotment in Budget Estimate 2020-21 to Rs.2 crore by way of reduction in appropriation and orders to allocate to the tune of Rs.235 crore at the rate of Rs.1 crore per MLA from the MLACDS funds to the Health and Family Welfare Department for procuring medicines and materials to detect and contain COVID-19 through Tamil Nadu Medical Services Corporation (TNMSC).
- Out of which an allocation of Rs.1 Crore should be earmarked for ‘tied component’ which is to be mandatorily earmarked for priority works as per G.O. Out of the remaining ‘un-tied component’ of Rs.1 Crore, the Members of the Legislative Assembly can choose any work of their choice of not falling within the ‘negative list’
- Self Sufficiency Scheme In order to promote self-reliant rural community through public participation, the Government re-introduced Self Sufficiency Scheme in 2011-12. It is a participatory demand driven scheme to promote and strengthen self-help and self-reliant attitude of the village community
- The minimum public contribution for any of the identified work should be atleast one-third of the estimate amount.
Rural Infrastructure – Roads
The Rural Roads consisting of Village Panchayat and Panchayat Union Roads are under the purview of the Rural Development and Panchayat Raj Department. The section 110 and 112 of the Tamil Nadu Panchayats Act, 1994 ordains that the Village Panchayat and Panchayat Union roads are to be maintained by the respective Village Panchayats and Panchayat Unions.
The Government has been according special focus for the improvement and maintenance of the rural roads through various measures, as detailed below:
- Increased allocation of funds for the improvement of Village Panchayat and Panchayat Union roads from various State and Centrally sponsored schemes.
- Segmental approach towards improvement of rural roads based on the surface condition of the road.
- Prioritization based on roads connecting unconnected habitations, Link roads connecting amenities like Markets, Shandies, Schools, Colleges, Hospitals, Bus plying roads and interconnecting link roads etc.,
- Consolidation of road network data by updating all the missed out roads in rural areas and periodically updating newly formed roads and also assigning each Village Panchayat and Panchayat Union road with a unique ‘Road Code’.
- Upgradation of Village Panchayat and Panchayat Union roads as Other District Roads (ODRs).
- Construction of roads using various Research & Development technologies.
Considering the continuous evolution of the rural road network, the updation of the list of Village Panchayat and Panchayat Union Roads is a continuous process. The current status of Village Panchayat and Panchayat Union Roads are given below
|SLNo||Type of Surface||Panchayat Union Roads)||Village Panchayat Roads||Total|
|Length in ‘Km’||Length in ‘Km’|
|3||Double layer WBM||0||15.05||15.05|
|4||Single Layer WBM||8.99||85.34||94.33|
The Government had announced that “Important bus plying local body roads will be upgraded and reclassified as Other District Roads (ODR)”. Accordingly, 106.467 Km length of roads have been handed over to Highways department for upgradation as ODRs. As on date, there are 1290.62 Km length of Village Panchayat and Panchayat Union roads. The complete details of the Village Panchayat and Panchayat union roads are available in the tnrd.gov.in website.
B.Components of Rural Roads Improvement
The following components are taken up in the improvement of rural roads:
i. Upgradation of Non-Black Topped (Non-BT) roads to Black Topped (BT) Roads.
- The upgradation of important Non-BT roads as BT roads is taken based on priority considering various factors like connectivity, utility services connected
ii.Strengthening of existing damaged BT roads.
- The existing BT roads which have completed their design life and require strengthening to cater to the existing traffic conditions are taken under this category
iii. Maintenance and renewal of the existing BT roads.
- The roads which have completed 5 years after last improvement are taken for periodic surface renewal.
The funds required for Rural Roads improvement are being met from various schemes
- Tamil Nadu Rural Roads Improvement Scheme (TNRRIS),
- Scheme Component of Pooled Assigned Revenue (SCPAR),
- NABARD-Rural Infrastructure Development Fund (RIDF),
- Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojana (PMGSY),
- Mahatma Gandhi NationalRural Employment Guarantee Scheme (MGNREGS),
- State Finance Commission Grants,
- Central Finance Commission Grants and other state schemes.
The vast network of rural roads in Tamil Nadu requires optimized funding so that there is a balance between maintenance of existing roads and construction of new roads.
In order to ensure this, the Government introduced a comprehensive scheme during the year 2015-2016 called the Tamil Nadu Rural Roads Improvement Scheme (TNRRIS) by merging various roads schemes.
Features of TNRRIS
- TNRRIS provides adequate flexibility to the Districts in the selection of various types of roads based on local needs.
- The scheme is implemented under three streams. The Upgradation of Non-BT roads as BT roads, Strengthening of the existing damaged BT roads and Periodic Maintenance of existing damaged BT roads.
NABARD had set up Rural Infrastructure Development Fund (RIDF) in 1995-96, to extend financial assistance to the State Governments, Government owned Corporations, Village Panchayats, Self Help Groups and Non-Government Organisations for taking up of infrastructure projects in rural areas.
The Rural Development and Panchayat Raj Department utilises this fund to strengthen damaged Village Panchayat and Panchayat Union roads and also for upgrading the Non-BT roads to BT standard.
The provision of bridges is another important component under NABARD-RIDF. The scheme is fully sponsored by State Government through 80% loan from NABARD.
- 20% CGF
Improvements to roads of length less than 1Km
The improvement of the Village Panchayat and Panchyat union roads are being made with huge investment of funds from various schemes like TNRRIS, PMGSY, NABARD, etc. However, these schemes do not provide scope for taking up roads of less than 1 Km length.
The Government is proposed to take up upgrading / strengthening of Panchayat Union Roads and Village Panchayat Roads of less than 1 Km length by using the 20% Capital Grant Fund 2018-19
Roads Connecting habitation to the nearest Link Road (LR) /Through Route, Roads connecting SC/ST habitations , Roads connecting habitation to habitation , Important Link Roads connecting market places, Educational /Health Services and roads leading to other utility services and among these bus plying roads with heavy traffic volume will be given priority under this scheme.
The Government have introduced Amma – Adi Dravidar Habitations Improvement Scheme with an objective of providing Basic amenities to Adi Dravidar habitations to ensure better living standards by saturating the needs of the Adi Dravidar Habitations in a holistic manner.
The Rural Development and Panchayat Raj Department is the implementing Agency for the Amma – Adi Dravidar Habitations Improvement scheme.
The permitted works includes Water supply, street lights, laying of roads connecting Adi Dravidar habitations, improvement to streets, Community toilets, improvement of Cremation shed, waiting shed, approach road, Compound wall, hand pump, LED lights, path way, improvement of play grounds and play fields used by majority SC youths by providing sports infrastructure and play material. Repair and Renovation of existing infrastructure located in Adi Dravidar habitations.
- Construction of MCC
In peri urban/ Bigger village Panchayats adjacent to Corporations and municipalities. SWM is a major problem deo to its density, change in consumption pattern and increased per capita waste generation. The village panchayats find it very difficult to identify huge land for establishment of a centralized and integrated solid waste management. Facility within their limit. The huge quantum of waste which could not be managed effectively at local level resulted in environmental pollution due to waste dumps posing health hazard. Therefore in order to improve the Solid waste management facilities in these areas MCC was established. Each MCC can handle a minimum of 0.5 ton to a maximum of 3 ton wet waste per day.
2.Construction of PWMU
Plastic Waste management refers to the collection, storage, transportation, and disposal of plastic waste in an environmentally safe manner. For plastic waste management in rural areas the following functionaries is being carried out. Segratation. collection, storage, transportation of plastic waste and channelization of recyable plastic waste fraction to recyclers ensuring that no damage is caused to the environment in this process. Use of shredded plastic waste for laying BT Roads. Awareness generation amoung all stakeholders about their responsibilities. Pervention of open burning of plastic waste.
3.Construction of Community level Biogas Plant
GOBAR-dhan is an integral component of SWM for ensuring cleanliness in villages by converting bio-waste including animal waste, kitchen leftovers, crop residues and market waste into biogas and bio slurry to improve the lives of villages. This is also useful in providing economic and resource benefits to farmers and households. Gram Panchayats may implement this scheme for maximum bio-waste recovery alongside other initiatives like composting and vermin-composting.
1.Grey water Management
Grey water Management works as a 3R principal. Reduce: Judicious use of fresh water which will result in generation of minimum quantity of Greywater. Reuse: Using Greywater for purposes such as kitchen garden, vehicle washing, toilet flushing etc. Recharge: Recharge of ground water with Greywater by adopting technologies such as soakage pit, leach pit etc. Grey waste activities undertaken as under: Village with less than 5000 population and Village with more than 5000 population. Village with less than 5000 population should plan for the Individual Soak Pits, Community soakpits, Kitchen garden, drainage facilities based on the terrain, Groundwater level and density of population. Village with more than 5000 population should plan for a conveyance systems like Phytorid , constructed wetlands based on the terrain, Groundwater level and climate conditons.
2.Fecal Sludge Management
Faecal sludge is the waste accumulated in a septic tank which is a raw or partially digested mixture mostly of excreta and water. Fecal Sludge Management involves collection, transportation, treatment and disposal of sludge from on-site sanitation systems in a safe manner. Some households, however, have septic tanks or single leach pit toilets, especially in densely populated or large peri urban villages. Septic tanks or single pits overflowing into the storm water drains or pathways are prevalent in certain areas. So, It is planned to construct a FSTP for the safe treatment and disposal of the Fecal and Sewage Waste collected from around village panchayats.
District Rural Development Agency (DRDA)-State Schemes
District Rural Development Agency (DRDA)-State Schemes
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District Rural Development Agency (DRDA)-State Schemes